Vitamin B3 is a water-soluble vitamin, also known as niacin. The term niacin refers to both nicotinic acid and nicotinamide, both of which are used by the body to form the coenzymes nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotine adenine dinucleotide phospate (NADP).
The Roles of Niacin in the Body
As many as 200 enzymes require the niacin coenzymes, NAD and NADP. NAD functions most often in reactions involving the degradation (catabolism) of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and alcohol to produce energy. NADP functions more often in biosynthetic (anabolic) reactions, such as in the synthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol.
Vitamin B3 is necessary for the release of energy from carbohydrates and for alcohol processing. It also plays a role in the regulation of cholesterol in the blood.