Androgens are male-type hormones, including testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), androstenedione (Andro), androsterone, and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). They are the precursor of all estrogens, the female sex hormones.
Research shows the body produces more androgens when higher levels of insulin are present. Because of this, androgens are related to a number of insulin-linked conditions including polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Androgens are also known to fuel prostate cell growth and are currently being studied to develop more effective prostate cancer treatments.