Carbohydrates

Glycemic Index

If you’re eating right—filling your plate with organic salad greens and colorful veggies, accompanied by grass-fed meats, wild fish and raw nuts and seeds—then you’re already eating low on the glycemic index. Congratulations! For those of you new to this healthy way of eating, you’ll soon find it’s a simple and effective way to lose weight, reduce cravings, increase energy levels, boost … [Read more...]

Sugar

Sugar - in any form - increases blood sugar levels. This has many health ramifications: Increases insulin  -the "fat storage" hormone Increases appetite Creates Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs) Stimulates the growth of cancer cells Increases LDL or "bad" cholesterol Makes blood cells "sticky" and likely to clot Increases free radical damage Increases inflammation Increases … [Read more...]

Sucrose

Sucrose, or table sugar, is a disaccharide of glucose and fructose. … [Read more...]

Mannose

Mannose is a simple sugar molecule. D-Mannose, which occurs naturally in some fruits including cranberry, has been found to prevent the adhesion of bacteria to the epithelium of the urinary tract, and may be useful in preventing urinary tract infections. … [Read more...]

Amylopectin

Amylopectin is a highly branched polymer of glucose found in plants. It is one of the two components of starch, the other being amylose. It is soluble in water. Its counterpart in animals is glycogen which has the same composition and structure, but with more extensive branching that occurs every 8 to 12 glucose units. Plants store starch within specialized organelles called amyloplasts. … [Read more...]

Cellulose

Cellulose is a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to over ten thousand ß(1?4) linked D-glucose units. Cellulose is the most common organic compound on earth and the structural component of cell walls of green plants, and algae. About 33 percent of all plant matter is cellulose (the cellulose content of cotton is 90 percent and that of wood is 50 … [Read more...]

Chitin

Chitin is a polysaccharide, and it is found in many places throughout the natural world. It is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as crustaceans (like the crab, lobster and shrimp) and the insects, including ants, beetles and butterflies, the radula of mollusks and the beaks of the cephalopods, including squid and octopi. Chitin has also … [Read more...]

Galactomannan

Galactomannans are polysaccharides consisting of a mannose backbone with galactose side groups. … [Read more...]

Complex carbohydrates

Complex carbohydrates are polysaccharides composed of straight or branched chains of monosaccharides. … [Read more...]

Oliggosaccharides

An oligosaccharide is a saccharide polymer containing a small number (typically three to ten) of component sugars, also known as simple sugars. … [Read more...]

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